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Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Stress Management

Individual Differences and Stress - Stress Management

   Posted On :  18.05.2018 05:44 am

You have already understood that individuals differ in their personality characteristics.

Individual Differences and Stress
 
 
You have already understood that individuals differ in their personality characteristics. These differences determine the stress levels experienced by the people. Two people may be exposed to the same sources of stress like meeting a deadline for achieving a goal. However, in terms of stress levels they may be different.
 
Some individuals are more prone to stress than others. It may be on account of demographic differences and cognitive differences. Demographic differences are related to age, health, education and occupation. Age causes stress because as people go through the life stages, certain things are expected of them. As they grow, they have to shoulder greater responsibilities. Health is another factor influencing stress. Healthy people can cope with stress more than sick people. Education is also important in this context. If the person is not educated, he feels unworthy and that may cause stress. Coming to occupation, it is needless to say that every occupation involves some kind of stress or other.
  
Cognitive differences are satisfaction, locus of control and type of personality. Persons having greater urge for satisfaction work hard and try to excel others. This may lead to overwork and also burnout. Locus of control refers to one’s feeling of the extent to which he is able to control the surrounding world. The greater the person’s perception of control over the environment, the lesser is his proneness to stress. Another cognitive factor is personality. As explained earlier, there are two types of personalities – Type A and Type B. Type A personalities are involved in struggles to get more and achieve more. Therefore, they are more prone for stress. On the other hand, Type B personalities are more patient and easy going. They are interested in achieving goals but follow different ways for the purpose. As a result, they are less prone for stress.

Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Stress Management
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