One of the most important areas in the day-to-day management of working capital includes all the short term assets (current assets) used in daily operations.
Capital Management Under Inflation
One of the most important areas
in the day-to-day management of working capital includes all the short term
assets (current assets) used in daily operations. Such management will have
more significance during the time of inflation. The following measures can be
applied to control the working capital during the period of inflation.
Cost control aims at maintaining
the costs in accordance with the predetermined cost. According to this concept,
the management aims at material, labour and other expenses.
Cost reduction aims at exploring
the possibilities of using alternative raw materials without affecting the
quality of the products by adoptions of new technology for the improved quality
of products and reducing the cost.
Within the given capacities the
management can increase the productivity by proper cost control strategy.
Increased price due to inflation may compensate with reduction in fixed cost
when production is increased.
management cost is a fixed, period cost, the maximum possible use of facilities
already created must be ensured.
The time gap between purchase of
inventory and converting the material into cash is known as operating cycle.
The management attempts to decrease the duration of operating cycle during
ratio indicates how the capitals are effectively used in order to increase the
sales during the purchase period. By increasing the rate of rotation there will
be an increase in sales which in turn will increase the profit.
Improvement of turnover includes
improvement in fixed assets turnover ratio and working capital turnover ratio,
which are elements of the capital employed.
employed = Fixed assets + working capital.
Creditors’ Turnover Ratio
indicates the speed with which the payments are made to credit purchases. This
can be computed as follows:
Higher creditors’ turnover ratio
with a lower payment period shows that the creditors are paid promptly or even
earlier. During inflation the company with help of bargaining power and good
relation they can ask to increase the payment period, trade discount, cash
Stock turnover ratio
A low stock turnover ratio may
indicate a slow moving inventory suffering from low sales force. On the
contrary, higher stock turnover ratio shows better performance of the company. Under
this situation the company may keep relatively small amount of funds as
resources. Thus during inflation the company tries to keep high stock turnover
This should be more during inflation than the ordinary period.
Debtors constitute an important component of the working capital and therefore the quality of debtors to a great extent determines the liquidity position during inflation. A higher ratio gives a lower collection period and a low ratio gives a longer collection period. During inflation, the management tries to keep a high turnover ratio.
The management can try to decrease the overhead expenses like administrative, selling and distributing expenses. Further the management should be very careful in sanctioning any new expenditure belonging to the cost areas. The managers should match the cash inflow with cash outflow for future period through cash budgeting.
What is negative working capital and how it arises?
Negative working capital is where the organization uses supplier credit or customer prepayment to fund their day-to-day needs. Organization with negative working capital uses the money from their customer with which to invest and to pay suppliers. Banks and financial services, retailers, distributors, industries with cash sales or advance payments on signature of contract are some of the firms which may have low or negative working capital / sales % figures. Competition is fiercest among industries with low or negative working capital / sales figures. Financial entry barriers are lower and these industries are easier to expand. However, profit margins are often lower because of the competition (but not always!) and the failure rate among such industries in developed countries is usually higher. Banks are attracted to industries with low or negative working capital/ sales % figure s cash and profits are more quickly. Entrepreneurs are attracted to industries with low or negative working capital % figures. The customers, suppliers and authors of books publishers also want to operate to a low
or negative working capital/ sales %.
Tags : Financial Management - WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT
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