Individual and organisational factors can increases political behaviour and provide favourable outcomes (rewards and averted punishments).
Factors Contributing to
Individual and organisational
factors can increases political behaviour and provide favourable outcomes
(rewards and averted punishments).
High self-monitors being sensitive
to social cues and social conformity, are more skillful in political behaviour
than low self-monitors. Individuals with internal locus of control (those who
believe they can control their environment) are proactive and manipulate
situations in their favour. A person having high expectation of increased
future benefits will lose if forced out; hence he is more likely to use
illegitimate means (extreme political behaviour). More alternative job
opportunities a person has, more likely he is to use legitimate means (normal
every day politics).
Degree of politics, criticality
and scarcity of resources in organisation are directly related. Politics
surface when the resources are declining and their existing pattern is changing.
Infusion of new and unclaimed resources will lead to high political behaviour.
Low trust in organisation results in higher
political behaviour, that too illegitimate type.
Factors Role ambiguity (lack of clarity
in role definition), ambiguous decisions and decisions on which there is a lack
of agreement and uncertain, long range strategic decision, zero-sum reward
allocation practices (one man’s gain is other man’s loss), democratic
decision-making, performance evaluation systems and self-seeking senior
managers, will be sources of conflicts and thereby high politicking. Higher the
pressure on performance employees feel, the greater the likelihood of their
resorting to politics.
and External Environment Complex technology and turbulent external environment lead to high
political behaviour. 5. Change Planned organisation change or
unplanned change brought about by external environment forces will encourage
Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Organisational Power & Politics
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