Companies rely on hiring freezes and on elimination of overtime.
The Emergence of a New
rely on hiring freezes and on elimination of overtime.
use of job rotation and employee reassignments.
3. Wage, salary and bonus reductions
are shared by all groups in the enterprise; directors, managers as well as
of seniority and promotions based on seniority.
are using various forms of early retirement incentives.
contributions of merit factors to pay raises
7. As a result, performance
appraisal systems and wage structures are undergoing changes.
and work group loyalties are replaced by individualism.
9. Life time
employment is undergoing change.
10. Hiring on the basis of skills for
specific, narrowly defined job openings is growing.
among Japanese managers and professionals is also increasing.
12. Japanese employees’ preference
for security over risk and opportunity is also changing.
13. Creation of multi-trade
employment system. Employees hired for life can enter the general track and can
be moved horizontally (job rotation) as well as vertically (grade promotion).
The changes going on are not
designed to destroy the old system, but to increase its flexibility. This is
very much in keeping with the traditional Japanese approach to change, however
fast and deep it is. Continuity with the uniquely Japanese “essence” must be
maintained. The new Japanese emerging paradigm will certainly be different. Yet like the
modern Japanese home which usually retains a Japanese style room among western
style rooms and furniture, the Japanese company will retain a core of Japanese
Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Japanese Management Practices
Last 30 days 531 views