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Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Organisational Structure, Climate And Culture

Factors Affecting Organisational Climate

   Posted On :  19.05.2018 09:58 pm

Factors affecting organizational climate differ from organization to organization.

Factors Affecting Organisational Climate
Factors affecting organizational climate differ from organization to organization. In some organizations certain factors like structure, or process plays a major role and in some other organizations, technology might be the major factor influencing the climate. However the major factors, according to Lawrence James and Allan Jones affecting the organizational climate can be grouped under the following heads:
Organizational content: The reactions of the employees and the degree to which they welcome and accept the managerial philosophy is very crucial to the development of sound and favorable organizational climate. The climate is said to be highly favorable when the existing management techniques are such that employees goals are perfectly matched to the ideas of organizations.
Structure: Structure is the framework that establishes formal relationship and delineates authority and functional responsibility. It is generally believed that decentralized structure results in sound climate. In sharp contrast, if the management feels the necessity of maintaining greater degree of consistency in operations regarding decision-making, it will be wedded to centralized structure.
Process: In every organization certain processes are vital so that it functions. Communication, decision making, motivation and leadership are some of the important processes through which management achieves the tasks. For instance, if we consider leader-follower relationship, leadership process, it is leader’s choice whether to allow subordinates in decision-making, give assignments, etc. A leader has to be aware of the possible influence of his actions on the climate while deciding about the most appropriate supervisory technique for a given situation. It should be noted that failure to give consideration to the effect on climate could cause great harm to the organization.
Physical Environment: the external conditions of environment, the size, location of the work place etc., will also affect organizational climate. An employee performing his job in relatively clean, quiet, safe environment will undoubtedly have a favorable perception of the organizational climate. Noise has also been considered instrumental in influencing the climate of an organizational.
System Values and Norms: Every organization has discernible and fairly formal value system where certain kinds of behaviors are rewarded and encouraged and certain kinds of behavior forces an individual to formal sanctions. The formal value system is communicated to employees through rules, regulations and policies. But informal value system is very difficult to ascertain. But both exert influence on organizational climate.
In general, organisational climate provides certain stimuli, offers certain opportunities and raises certain expectations among its members; at the same time, it also creates certain constraints, threats, problems and frustrations. Organisational climate influences the perceived ability of the individual employee, which in turn has a decisive effect on his motivation. Perceived ability is influenced by the nature and clarity of the job, the scope of responsibility, degree of freedom, supervisory support and training, safety and other physical working conditions, previous experience and so on.


Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Organisational Structure, Climate And Culture
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