This audit reviews the resources of an organization for the purpose of assessing the inherent strengths of those resources.
This audit reviews the resources of an organization
for the purpose of assessing the inherent strengths of those resources.
Resources include physical, financial, human and intangible assets of an
organization, “a Resource is an asset, competency, process, skill or knowledge
controlled by an organization”. It can be a positive strength if competitors do
not possess it or negative when a firm has lesser strength than competitors”.
Resources The physical resources include plant and machinery, land and building, vehicles, stock, etc. Their numbers
and book values are not as important as their expected benefits are. Therefore
an assessment is made in terms of their potential benefits by examining their
age, condition, location, capabilities, etc.
Financial Resources Financial resources include cash, bank, debtors, marketable securities, etc. In
assessing the financial resources, the various sources of finance like equity
shares, debentures, retained earnings, long – term and short term loans are
considered. Their cost of capital,
availability and their effect on the overall liquidity and solvency of the firm
Resources Human resources are the most valuable assets of the organization, especially in the present business scenarios –
where we find people competing than corporations. Traditionally top management
were grand strategists, junior managers were implementers and middle the
administrators of the strategy. Now the trend has been changed. Top managers
are creators of vision for the organization and expect others to deliver.
Therefore emphasis has shifted from ‘strategy, structure and systems’ model
towards ‘purpose process and people’ model. To implement the second model you
must have a lot of faith in your people. Companies like Asea Braun Boveri,
General Electric, Intel, 3M or even Infosys have made that shift.
Sumantra Ghoshal remarks
Therefore the human resources audit is done to
assess the quality of human resources. Their individual qualities like
knowledge, capabilities, learning skill, etc. as well as their loyalty and
commitment to organization are assessed.
1. Intangible Assets In the contemporary business
world, organizations stress on building intangible assets such as brand,
customer relationship, intellectual property, etc. Why so? Earlier capital,
technology etc., are scarce and are difficult to obtain. Therefore, they were
considered as competitive advantage. Now hey are available and tradable.
Something is of competitive advantage is to be hence created. It should be not
openly available; not easily leverageable across businesses and not easily
substitutable. Intangible assets meet all the three requirements, for example
employee commitment or relationships are difficult to imitate.” Look at the tangible assets like machinery in a
factory. If company has required capital, it can buy. Look at money which was
considered as competitive advantage, is now easily available at inexpensive
rates from any where on the globe. Globalization and deregulation of markets
have facilitated their easy and cheap accessibility. Only non-replicable and
unique competitive advantages of the company are its intangible assets. That is
why companies like Reliance, BPL, Krebs Biochemical’s, etc. are reporting about
their intangible assets. Consider the aspects in Figure 7-2
Source: McKinsey & Co.. adapted from
Business World, 9-22 November – 6
Tags : Strategic Management - Environmental Analysis and Diagnosis
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