Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Group Dynamics

Clique - Group Dynamics

   Posted On :  18.05.2018 07:11 am

A clique consists of those people who have frequent interactions and observe certain norms and standards.

Clique
 
A clique consists of those people who have frequent interactions and observe certain norms and standards. Its purpose is to gain and control power. The number of members of a clique is restricted to five or six organizational members. Some members of a clique may also form another group which may even consist of some persons who are not members of the organization. Thus, the group known as sub-clique is partially external to the organization. Datton has identified three types of cliques as follows:
 
i. Vertical clique: It consists of people working in the same department drawing membership regardless of ranks. For example, superior may be a member in a group consisting mainly of subordinates. Such groups cutting across hierarchical lines develop because of the earlier acquaintance of people or because the superior is dependent upon the subordinate for some formal purposes.
 
ii. Horizontal clique: It consists of people of more or less same rank and working in the same unit. This is the most common kind of informal group. The members have certain common interest for whose achievements they follow certain norms and standards.
 
iii. Mixed or random clique: Such a group draws members from different ranks, departments and physical locations that come together for a common purpose. The members may be residing in the same locality and travelling by the common bus, or they may be members of the common club.

 

Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Group Dynamics
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