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Research Methodology - Structure And Components Of Research Reports

WHAT IS A REPORT? - Structure And Components Of Research Reports

   Posted On :  27.05.2018 11:21 pm

A report is a written document on a particular topic, which conveys information and ideas and may also make recommendations.

WHAT IS A REPORT?
 
A report is a written document on a particular topic, which conveys information and ideas and may also make recommendations. Reports often form the basis of crucial decision making. Inaccurate, incomplete and poorly written reports fail to achieve their purpose and reflect on the decision, which will ultimately be made. This will also be the case if the report is excessively long, jargonistic and/ or structureless. A good report can be written by keeping the following features in mind:
 
1. All points in the report should be clear to the intended reader.
 
2. The report should be concise with information kept to a necessary minimum and arranged logically under various headings and sub-headings.

3. All information should be correct and supported by evidence.
 
4. All relevant material should be included in a complete report.
 
 

Purpose Of Research Report

 

1. Why am i writing this report? Do i want to inform/ explain/ persuade, or indeed all of these.
 
2. Who is going to read this report? Managers/ academicians/ researchers! What do they already know? What do they need to know? Do any of them have certain attitudes or prejudices?

3. What resources do we have? Do i have access to a computer? Do i have enough time? Can any of my colleagues help?
 
4. Think about the content of your report – what am i going to put in it? What are my main themes? How much should be the text, and how much should be the illustrations?
 

Framework Of A Report

 
The various frameworks can be used depending on the content of the report, but generally the same rules apply. Introduction, method, results and discussion with references or bibliography at the end, and an abstract at the beginning could form the framework.
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