The word ‘motivation’ has been derived from the word ‘motive’ which means any idea, need or emotion that prompts a man into action.
Meaning of Motivation
The word ‘motivation’ has been
derived from the word ‘motive’ which means any idea, need or emotion that
prompts a man into action. Whatever may be the behaviour of a man, there is
some stimulus behind it. Stimulus is dependent upon the motive of the person
concerned. Motive can be known by studying his needs and desires. Generally,
different motives operate at different times among different people and
influence their behaviour. The management should try to understand the motives
of individuals which cause different types of behaviour.
Dubin has defined motivation as “the complex of forces starting and keeping a person at work in an
organisation. Motivation is something that moves the person to action, and
continues him in the course of action already initiated”. Motivation refers
to the way a person in enthused at work
to intensify his desire and willingness to use his energy for the achievement
of organisational objectives.
According to Dalton E.McFarland, “Motivation refers to the way in which urges, drives, aspirations,
striving or needs direct, control or explain the behaviour of human beings”. Motivation
has close relationship with the
behaviour of human beings. It explains how and why human behaviour is caused.
Thus, motivation is a term which applies to the entire class of urges, derives,
desires, needs and similar forces.
Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Motivation
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