The three levels of management that are commonly found in any organisation are lower or front-line, middle and top management.
Levels of Management
The three levels of management
that are commonly found in any organisation are lower or front-line, middle and
or Supervisory Management This is the lowest level in the
hierarchy of management. Usually the jobs at this level are the entry level
positions into management profession. Managers at this level direct the
operating employees (workers). They are close to the action for their job
involves supervising the activities of operatives. Front-Line managers in the
production department are called foreman, supervisor, superintendent, inspector
and so on. For instance, in a manufacturing concern, in marketing, finance and
others departments, they are called management trainees or junior executives.
Similarly, in a government office, the term superintendent or section officer
level Management Middle management level includes
in many organizations more than on level. Managers who work at levels between
the lower and top levels constitute the middle management. Departmental heads,
Regional managers, Zonal managers and so on fall in this category. They report
to top managers. Their principal responsibilities are to direct the activities
of lower level managers who implement the organization’s policies.
Top level Management Top management constitutes the highest level in the
management hierarchy. This is the policy making level in any organization. This
level consists of a small group of executives. Board of Directors, Chairman,
Managing Director and the top functional heads such as COO, CIO, and such other
C-suite managers, and divisional managers comprise this level. Top managers are
responsible for the overall management of the organization. They decide the
enterprise objectives, policies and strategies to be pursued to achieve the
objectives. They provide direction to the organization by guiding its
interactions with the environment.
Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Levels In Management
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