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Human Resources Management - Industrial Relations

Parties to Industrial Realtions - Industrial Relations

   Posted On :  14.06.2018 12:02 am

The major parties to IR are the employees, employee representatives, employers, associations of employers, government and courts and tribunals.

Parties to Industrial Realtions

The major parties to IR are the employees, employee representatives, employers, associations of employers, government and courts and tribunals.

Employees


The employees are the pillars on which the organization is built. They are the chief contributors to the organizational objectives, and are the organization’s most valuable resource. To maintain harmonious industrial relations, employees have to be satisfied with the organization, its policies and procedures and their jobs.
 

Trade Unions


Trade unions constitute the employee representative bodies in an organization. Trade unions enjoy power and status based on the support of the employees. Their power is used as a weapon in regarding the organization’s industrial environment and having their demands accepted by the management. These demands usually relate to increase in wages, improvement in working conditions, and additional benefits and welfare measures. In some cases, trade unions also have a political affiliation, which adds to their power.
 

The Management


The management plays a critical role in the industrial relations of an organization. Management policies can help in maintaining high employee morale and in preventing industrial conflicts and disputes.
 

The Government


The government has a limited role to play in industrial relations. It provides a basic framework within which the management, the trade unions and the employees are expected to work for the common good of the organization. The government comes into the picture only when the three players fail to do this and is unable to sort out their differences. The government then intervenes as a mediator through the process of conciliation, arbitrator and adjudication.
Tags : Human Resources Management - Industrial Relations
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