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Strategic Management - Strategy Implementation

Concepts of Organization Structure And Culture

   Posted On :  26.06.2018 11:50 pm

Just what is an organization’s structure? An organizational structure is the formal framework by which job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated.

Concepts
 
Just what is an organization’s structure? An organizational structure is the formal framework by which job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated. When managers develop or change an organization’s structure, they are engaged in organizational design, a process that involves decisions about six key elements: work specialization, departmentalization, chain of command, span of control, centralization and decentralization, and formalization.
 
What is organizational culture? It’s a system of shared meaning and beliefs held by organizational members that determines, in large degree, how they act. It represents a common perception held by the organization’s members. Just as tribal cultures have rules and taboos that dictate how members will act toward each other and outsiders, organizations have cultures that govern how its members should behave. In every organization, there are systems or patterns of values, symbols, rituals, myths, and practices that have evolved over time. These shared values determine to a large degree what employees see and how they respond to their world. When confronted with problems or work issues, the organizational culture-the “way we do things around here”-influences what employees can do and how they conceptualize, define, analyze, and resolve issues.
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