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Research Methodology - Format And Presentation Of A Report

Common Elements Of A Report - Format And Presentation Of A Report

   Posted On :  28.05.2018 12:44 am

A report may contain some or all of the following, please refer to your departmental guidelines.

Common Elements Of A Report
 
A report may contain some or all of the following, please refer to your departmental guidelines.
 

MEMORANDUM OR COVERING LETTER

 
 
Memorandum or Covering Letter is a brief note stating the purpose or giving an explanation that is used when the report is sent to someone within the same organization.
 

TITLE PAGE

 
 
It is addressed to the receiver of a report while giving an explanation for it, and is used when the report is for someone who does not belong to the same organization as the writer. It contains a descriptive heading or name. It may also contain author’s name, position, company’s name and so on.

 

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 
 
Executive summary summarizes the main contents and is usually of about 300-350 words.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Table of Contents consists of a list of the main sections, indicating the page on which each section begins.
 

INTRODUCTION

 
 
Informs the reader of what the report is about—aim and purpose, significant issues, any relevant background information.
 

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

 
 
Presents critical analysis of the available research to build a base for the present study.
 

METHODOLOGY

 
 
Gives details about nature of the study, research design, sample, and tools used for data collection and analysis.
 

RESULTS

 
 
Presents findings of the study.
 
 

DISCUSSION

 
 
Describes the reasoning and research in detail.
 
 

CONCLUSION/S

 
 
Summarizes the main points made in the written work in the light of objectives. It often includes an overall answer to the problem/s addressed; or an overall statement synthesizing the strands of information dealt with.
 
 
 

RECOMMENDATION/S OR IMPLICATIONS

 
 
Gives  suggestions  related to the issue(s) or problem(s) dealt with. It may highlight the applications of the findings under implications section.

REFERENCES

 
 
An alphabetical list of all sources referred in the report.
 
 

APPENDICES

 
 
Extra information of further details placed after the main body of the text.
 

FORMATS OF REPORTS


Before attempting to look into presentation dimensions of a Report, a quick look into standard format associated with a Research Report is examined hereunder. The format generally includes the steps one should follow while writing and finalizing their research report.

 

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