To make delegation effective, the spirit and willingness of both the parties are crucial.
Barriers to Effective
To make delegation effective, the
spirit and willingness of both the parties are crucial. Though delegation is a
powerful tool to motivate the subordinates and to develop managerial skills in
them, if adequate care is not exercised the result may be considerable anxiety
for both superiors and subordinates. Following are some of the reasons why
delegation often fails in organizations to which both superiors and
subordinates are responsible.
Lack of Confidence in Subordinates:
Lack of trust and confidence on
subordinates’ abilities and skills make the superiors reluctant to delegate. As
a result, subordinates lose initiative and frequently seek the guidance of the
bosses to know whether they are doing the things correctly.
The “I can do it better myself
fallacy”: Some managers always suffer from
a feeling that they only can do the job better. Consequently two things happen.
First, spending time on a task a subordinate could perform and as a result the
manager may not be able to perform other important tasks like policy
formulation and supervision. Second, unless the manager allows subordinates to
attempt new tasks, the subordinates will be unable to develop their skills.
Thus by insisting on doing things themselves managers often fail in their
responsibility for training and grooming subordinates higher levels
Lack of ability to direct: Some managers become so involved in day-to-day operations that they
ignore to see the broader picture. Unable to understand the long term
perspective of the work flow, they do not fully realize the importance of
distributing work among subordinates. Some managers deliberately do this
because of lack of confidence in their supervisory abilities.
Aversion to Risk: Since the superior can not absolve himself of the final performance of the
task, he may fear that delegating the job will cause problems. Further, those superiors who
see a threat in the subordinates always try to avoid delegation. This is mostly
due to the mindset where superior fears that he may be outsmarted by the
subordinate and eventually the latter may become a potential threat to this
Absence of Selective Controls: When certain duties are delegated to subordinates, the superior has to
ensure proper controls in the form of feedback about performance. It gives the
superior the opportunity of knowing the problem before much damage takes place.
If controls are not adequate and effective, manager has good reason to avoid
Inadequate Information and
Resources: The subordinate lacks the
information and resources needed to do the job successfully. Some managers with
a view to let down their subordinates may deliberately make the delegation
unclear. As a result the subordinate lands himself in confusion as to the exact
nature of the duties and the authority that he can exercise. The motive of the
superior in such cases may be to make the subordinate fail in the execution.
Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Delegation Of Authority And Decentralization
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