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Human Resources Management - Industrial Relations

Meaning and Definition - Industrial Relations

   Posted On :  13.06.2018 11:47 pm

Industrial relations are concerned with the relationship between management and workers and the role of the regulatory mechanism in resolving any industrial dispute.

Meaning and Definition

Industrial relations are concerned with the relationship between management and workers and the role of the regulatory mechanism in resolving any industrial dispute. A formal definition is “concerned with the systems, rules, procedures used by unions and employers to determine the reward for effort and other conditions of employment, to protect the interest of the employee and their employers, and to regulate the ways in which employers treat their employees”.

The International Labour Organization (ILO) stated that “industrial relations deal with either the relationships between the state and employers’ and workers’ organizations or the relations between the occupational organizations themselves”.

The concept of industrial relations has been extended to denote the relations of the state with employers, workers and their organizations. The subject, therefore, includes individual relations and joint consultation between employers and work people at their work place; collective relations between employers and their organizations and trade unions and the part played by the state in regulating these relations.

From the various definitions given above, we understand that:

1. Industrial relations is an outcome of employer-employee relationship in an organization

2. Industrial relations facilitates harmonious relationships in an organization by setting a framework for the management and the employees

3. Industrial relations is based on mutual compromise and adjustment, for the benefit of both the parties involved

4. The state and the legal system also have a role to play in the maintenance of a conflict- free industrial environment

5. The different parties in the system with a well-defined role are the management, the employees and the unions.


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