Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Formal And Informal Organization

Informal Organization

   Posted On :  18.05.2018 01:16 am

Informal organization refers to the relationship between people in the organization based on personal attitudes, emotions, prejudices, likes, dislikes, etc.

Informal Organization
 
 
Informal organization refers to the relationship between people in the organization based on personal attitudes, emotions, prejudices, likes, dislikes, etc. These relations are not developed according to procedures and regulations laid down in the formal organization structure. Generally, large formal groups give rise to small informal or social groups. These groups may be based on some similarities that people of a large group see among the members of the group with respect to tastes and preferences, socio-cultural background, temperaments, attitudes, etc,. These groups are not preplanned, but they develop automatically within the organization according to its environment.
 
Informal organizations are small groups and these groups can overlap because a person may be a member of several different informal groups. A manager cannot abolish the informal groups since he does not create them. Informal relations will always support and supplement the formal one. There are certain disadvantages also of informal organizations. They put resistance to change and conform to old practices. The communication in informal organization is very fast. Sometimes, it creates rumors which may prove dangerous to the enterprise.
 
Modern authors on organization behavior view organizations as consisting of both types of relationships, i.e., formal and informal. It is true that while laying out an organization plan, management can only develop formal structure of relationships, but organization is not only a form chart or structure of relationships. Formal organization, no doubt, is an important part of the organization. But informal organization is also not less important. If handled properly, it will help in performing the activities of the organization very efficiently and effectively. In short, informal relations are complementary to formal relations and procedures laid down in the organization structure. Both formal and informal organizations are necessary for any group action just as two blades are essential to make a pair of scissors workable.

 

Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Formal And Informal Organization
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