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Human Resources Management - Trade Union

Types of Trade Union

   Posted On :  14.06.2018 12:39 am

Trade unions may be classified in various ways

Types of Trade Union

Trade unions may be classified in various ways

1. Business unions

It is that emphasis upon the economic advantages to be bargained through collective action and thus aim at improving the wages, working hours and conditions of workers and similar other objectives largely through the process of collective bargaining.

2. Predatory unions

It is that serve as a means for the enrichment of its leaders who pay only secondary attention to the advancement of interests of members. Its distinctive characteristic is the ruthless pursuit of the target by whatever means deemed appropriate at the time regardless of ethical or legal codes or effect upon those outside its own membership. Such a union may employ any of the business, friendly, revolutionary or violent methods for the achievement of its objectives.

3. Dependant or company unions

These are unions that rely upon the support of the employer or company management or the other large groups and hence they are likely to pay secondary importance to the interests of members

4. Friendly unions

These are unions which are idealistic, conservative and law abiding and they mainly aspire to elevate the moral, intellectual and social life of workers to improve the conditions under which they work, to raise their material standard of living and provide them security against unemployment, accident, disease or old age. They depend upon the process of collective bargaining for the attainment of their objectives.

5. Revolutionary unions

These are unions that are extremely radical both in view- point and action. They are class conscious and tend to repudiate the existing institutional order, especially individual ownership of productive means and the wage systems. They are strongly inclined towards strike and violence and look upon unionism and socialism as the two wings of the labour movement.

Another viewpoint classifies trade unions into following categories

1. Craft unions, which are the simplest form of trade unionism. They are usually formed of workers with the same craft, training and specialization, no matter in what industry or trade they are employed.

2. General labour unions, which aim at becoming all embracing organizations accepting as a new member practically any wage earner whatever the place or character of his work or whatever his industrial qualifications may be.

3. Industrial unions, which organize workers belonging to an industry or a group of related industries or service.

4. Federations of trade unions, which are combination of various unions for the purpose of gaining strength and solidarity. Such federations may be local, regional or statewide national and international.

Unions affiliated with the federation are described as affiliated unions and those, which are unaffiliated, are known as independent unions.

Tags : Human Resources Management - Trade Union
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