Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Planning

Purpose of Planning

   Posted On :  17.05.2018 09:33 pm

It is no exaggeration that in the absence of planning events are left to chance. In such a case, you as a manager are depending on luck.

Purpose of Planning
 
 
It is no exaggeration that in the absence of planning events are left to chance. In such a case, you as a manager are depending on luck. You may, as a result, in all probability end up in frustration. Organizations often fail not because of lack of resources, but because of poor planning. Whatever the resources you have, in the absences of systematic planning, the resources may not help you in achieving the objectives.
The following factors further highlight the importance of planning;
 

To achieve objectives

 
While developing a plan, you have to ask yourself a few questions.
 
1. Why am I making this plan?
 
2. What am I trying to accomplish?

3. What resources do I need to execute the plan?
 
 
Objectives are the ends sought to be achieved by the organizations. The above questions, if properly answered provide lot of clarity to the objectives. In other words, they force you to be clear about the objectives, the time frame required to achieve them and the resources required. It forces you to visualize the future in an organized manner. The saying that “when a man doesn’t know what harbour he is making for, no wind is the right wind” is quite appropriate in the case of planning. Systematic planning, thus, starts with a clear statement of objectives. All the important inputs necessary to achieve the objectives are carefully thought of. The uncertainties of the future, if any, are also taken into consideration.

 

Plans make the things happen

 
 
Effective managers anticipate future and prepare themselves to meet the challenges of the future. They are rather pro-active. They influence the outcome of the events in a significant way. In any modern business, the interests of many people are involved. The shareholders, employees, creditors, consumers and the Government are the major interest groups in any organization. Further, the interests and expectations of all these groups are varied and at times are in conflict. That apart, they constantly change in a dynamic business environment. In the light of the uncertainties involved in the environment, your job, as a manager, is to foresee the future and predict the consequences of actions. In other words, you have to look down the road into future and prepare yourself to meet the uncertainties ahead. A well thought out plan solves many of the problems associated with the future.
 
 
 

Plans help to cope with change

 
 
Organizations are products of environment. The ability to deal with the environment has enabled many an organization to survive, despite other weaknesses. Alert managements continually tune in to the environmental forces. On the other hand, managements which fail to adapt would eventually fall on the way side. Therefore, in the managerial job, you have to constantly analyze the impending changes in the environment and assess their impact on your business. For instance, the liberalization policies pursued by the government have, of late, brought in too many changes. Markets are shifting due to increased competition. Pressure on the existing resources is increasing. Expectations of the employees as well as the consumers are changing. Product life cycles are becoming shorter due to rapid technological changes. All these changes exert a tremendous pressure on the management.
 

Plans double up as tools to control the events


 
Planning and control are often described as the ‘Siamese’ twins of management. When you plan the events, you make them happen in a particular way. The specific objectives decided in advance themselves become the standards. Therefore, it goes without saying that plans provide mechanism to know whether the events are happening in the way expected.

 Planning ensures the events to conform to plans. Thus, if you do not plan (no clear objectives), you do not know what to control. Control assumes significance in a dynamic environment as of today, where several forces push you away from reaching the goal. Appropriate control devices help you to check the course from time to time, so that you will be able to take the appropriate corrective measures.

 

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