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Human Resources Management - HRM-Systems Perspective

Introduction of HRM-Systems Perspective

   Posted On :  12.06.2018 12:39 am

Modern business management is becoming complex. More products, more players and more technology make it so.

Introduction of HRM-Systems Perspective
 
Modern business management is becoming complex. More products, more players and more technology make it so. Modern technology is knowledge based, and modern production technique is skill intensive. When problem becomes complex, no single individual or single group of individuals can find a solution which is optimal. We need assistance of persons and groups to put our heads together. Thereafter they work as one team. Now this has become a “system of people” for a common aim of finding a solution of a given problem.

Standford L. Optner in his book on “System Analysis” prefaces with the following remarks:
 
“Users reinvest too many dollars in the annual costs of the progressive maintenance, a euphemism, for a wide range of failures, which may not be a direct result of the computer programme, but simply a “system” oversight.
 
The concept of “system analysis” has its origin in Second Word War. The first major project taken up in U.S.A. for solution through Systems Analysis was the expansion of “U.S. Air Force”, by 20 times within one year! This task was assigned to Harward Graduate School of Business Administration and was accomplished in time. Encouraged by the results, a “Think Tank” was established for further analysis in other segments.

Definition of Terms




System Approach

 
1. A system is a combination of various parts, known as subsystems. Each part may have various subparts. When a subsystem is considered as a system without reference to the system of which it is a part, it has the same features of a system.
 
2. Parts and subparts of a system are mutually related to each other. This relationship is not natural, given or unalterable in a social system. Any change in one part may affect other parts depending on the type of relationship among those parts.
 
3. A system is not merely the totality of parts and subparts but their arrangement is more important. Because of this arrangement, the whole becomes greater than the sum total of parts and subparts.
 
4. A system has a boundary which separates it from other system.
 

 

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