Art refers to the ‘know-how’ – the ways of doing things to accomplish a desired result.
Management as an Art
Art refers to the ‘know-how’ – the ways of doing things to accomplish a desired result. The focus is on the skill with which the activities are performed. As the saying goes ‘practice makes a man perfect’, constant practice of the theoretical concepts (knowledge) contributes for the formation and sharpening of the skills. Therefore, what is required is the right blend of the theory and practice. In a way, the attributes of science and art are the two sides of a coin. Medicine, engineering, accountancy and the like require skills on the part of the practitioners and can only be acquired through practice. Management is no exception. As a university gold medalist in surgery may not necessarily turn out to be a good surgeon, similarly a management graduate from the best of the institutes may not necessarily be very effective in practice. In both the cases, the application of the knowledge acquired through formal education, requires ingenuity and creativity on the part of the practitioner. Correct understanding of the variables of the situation calls for pragmatism and resourcefulness.
Effective practice of any art requires a thorough understanding of the science underlying it. Thus science and art are not mutually exclusive, but are complementary. Executives who attempt to manage without the conceptual understanding of the management principles and techniques have to depend on luck and intuition. With a sound knowledge and the necessary skills to use such knowledge, they stand a better chance to succeed. Therefore, it may be concluded that ‘management is both a science and an art’.
Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Nature Of Management
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