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Human Resources Management - Organization of HRM

Traditional Type Organization - Organization of HRM

   Posted On :  12.06.2018 12:27 am
Traditional Type Organization - Organization of HRM

Classical literature identifies organizational structure mainly under three categories:

Traditional Type Organization
 
 
Classical literature identifies organizational structure mainly under three categories:
 
1. Functional (or Traditional) type organization.
 
2. Product (or Process) type organization
 
3. Matrix type organization.

Functional type

 
Here the structure is built up on specialization. Departments are grouped, based on specialized knowledge available, viz., production, marketing, sales, materials and finance.



Pure product Type Organization

 
Here the organization is developed with production managers as the line managers who are specialists of a particular type of product or process. See Fig. 2.1(b)



Matrix Type Organization

 
This is an attempt to combine advantages of both functional and product type organization structure discussed above. Here the structure is based on more than one basis of grouping. Equal emphasis is given for both the types of structure and both the types of managers viz., line and staff. This is called matrix structure. See Fig 2.1(c).

The establishment of the organization will vary according to the size of the unit, its geographical distribution, nature of products etc., Hence there is no one best method for universal application.



 

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