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Business Environment and Law-Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Interest Groups In Industrial Relations - Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

   Posted On :  15.05.2018 12:47 am

Interest groups in industrial relations are the parties involved in it. John Dunlop in the preface to his work “Industrial Relations System” (1958) says: “Industrial societies necessarily create industrial relations, defined as the complex of inter-relations among workers, managers and government,”

Interest Groups In Industrial Relations
 
 
Interest groups in industrial relations are the parties involved in it. John Dunlop in the preface to his work “Industrial Relations System” (1958) says: “Industrial societies necessarily create industrial relations, defined as the complex of inter-relations among workers, managers and government,”
 
The interest groups, therefore, are:
 
 
            Workers and their organizations
 
            Managers (employers) and their organizations
 
            The Government
 
Each group has different interests and priorities. The workers and their organizations want higher wages, good working conditions and other benefits like medical insurance, accident benefits etc. As against these, the employers and their organizations want maximum productivity at the lowest possible cost. They, therefore, offer lowest possible wages, although the unit may have capacity to pay higher wages, want long working hours and no other expenses. The interests of the first two groups are thus conflicting.
 
We have, however, seen that there are attitudinal changes in both the groups and they have realised that both of them need to be reasonable in their approach. The third interest group is the government. It is the responsibility of the government to ensure that there is an atmosphere of industrial peace and harmony. Thus, when the government apprehends that there may be an industrial dispute, it refers the matter for adjudication. The government endeavours to see that the industrial harmony is maintained even when there is an impending dispute.

 

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