Home | ARTS | Business Environment and Law | Industrial Relations In India- Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Business Environment and Law-Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Industrial Relations In India- Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

   Posted On :  15.05.2018 12:49 am

In order to understand the issued and problems associated with industrial relations, it is desirable to study its various evolutionary phases.

Industrial Relations In India
 
 
In order to understand the issued and problems associated with industrial relations, it is desirable to study its various evolutionary phases. Practically speaking, the growth of industrial relations in India is in no way different from that of other parts of the globe. The various stages of industrial relations progressed from primitive stage to factory or industrial capitalism stage.

Ancient scriptures and laws of our country laid emphasis on the promotion and maintenance of peaceful relations between capital and labour. From the very early days, craftsmen and the workers felt the necessity of being united. The utility of unions has been stated in Sukla Yajurveda Samhita, “if men are united, nothing can deter them.” Kautilyas’s Arthashastra gives a comprehensive picture of the organisation and functions of the social and political institutions of India and a good description of unions of employees, craftsmen or artisans. There were well-organised guilds, which worked according to their own byelaws for the management of the unions.
 
However, there were no organisations of workers during the Mughal rule. The labourers were entirely dependent on their masters and forced work was taken from them. Historical evidence further shows the existence of rules of conduct and prescribed procedure for the settlement of disputes for promoting cordial relations between the parties. The working relations, however, in those days were more or less of a personal character and are very much distinguishable from the present-day industrial relations as have gradually developed with the growth of large scale industries.
 
A study of modern industrial relations in India can be made in three distinct phases.
 
1. The first phase can be considered to have commenced from the middle of the nineteenth century and ended by the end of the First World War.

2. The second phase comprises the period thereafter till the attainment of independence in 1947, and

3. The third phase represents the post-independence era.
 

 

Tags : Business Environment and Law-Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
Last 30 days 68 views

OTHER SUGEST TOPIC