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Business Environment and Law-Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

   Posted On :  15.05.2018 12:45 am

With the growing industrialization, the number of industrial workers in the country is also increasing rapidly.

Introduction
 
 
With the growing industrialization, the number of industrial workers in the country is also increasing rapidly. The ownership of the industries have changed hands from individuals to corporate houses. The expectations of workers have changed. The lifestyle has also undergone a change. The employer-employee relationship thus assumes a great importance in the changing scenario. Every one expects industrial harmony; it can be achieved only through satisfactory industrial relations.
 

What Is Industrial Relations?

 
 
Industrial relations’ is a dynamic and developing concept. It refers to the general web of relationship normally obtaining between the employers and the employees and includes the complex relations between trade unions and management.
 
Industrial relations are an integral aspect of social relations arising out of employer-employee interaction in modern industries, which are regulated by the state in conjunction with organized social forces.
 
The Encyclopaedia Britannica (1961) states of industrial relations as “a concept extended to denote the relations of the State with employers, workers and their organizations. The subject includes individual relations and joint consultations between employers and workers at their places of work; collective relations between employers and their organizations and trade unions; and the part played by the state in regulating these relations”.
 
The State cannot remain a silent spectator in the hope that the relations will on their own reach the state of harmony. That is why under the Industrial Disputes Act, the appropriate government, where it feels that there may be an industrial dispute, refers the matter to adjudication suo moto. Thus, “industrial relations’ is not merely a simple relationship; it is a functional, inter-related complexity and requires inter-disciplinary approach.

 

 

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