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Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Organisation Structure And Design

Steps in Organizing Process - Organisation Structure And Design

   Posted On :  17.05.2018 10:58 pm

The various steps in organizing process results in a structure that facilitates the performance of tasks in a cohesive way. The resulting structure, however, is not a static form, like the structure of a building.

Steps in Organizing Process
 
 
Organizing is a multi-step process consisting of the following:
 
--   Detailing all the work that must be done to attain the objectives; (identification of tasks involved);
--   Dividing the total work into activities that can logically and comfortably be performed by one person or by a group of persons; (differentiation);
-- Grouping the related tasks in a logical manner (departmentation); -- Setting up a mechanism to coordinate the work of members into a unified whole by establishing authority – responsibility relationships, (delegation and decentralis ation of authority); and
--   Monitoring effectiveness of the organization and making adjustments to maintain or increase its effectiveness.
 
The various steps in organizing process results in a structure that facilitates the performance of tasks in a cohesive way. The resulting structure, however, is not a static form, like the structure of a building. Since structure is based on plans, major revision of plans may necessitate a corresponding modification of structure. As such, organizing and reorganizing are ongoing processes. Successful organizations continuously assess the appropriateness of their structure and change it in accordance with the dictates of the environment. It is anybody’s knowledge that many Indian companies are restructuring their activities to meet the new challenges in the present liberalization era. Organization structures are modified periodically in response to the environmental demands. Management expert Tom Peters estimates that about 50 percent of organization problems arise from inappropriate organization structure. Because adaptation is a key to competitive survival, the ‘right’ structure for an organization is determined by numerous factors. For this reason, selecting an organization structure might best be described as an evolutionary, trial-and-error process.

 

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