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Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Perception And Learning

Perceptual Process-Perception And Learning

   Posted On :  18.05.2018 04:01 am
Perceptual Process-Perception And Learning

Perception is the process by which people select, organize, interpret and respond to information from the world around them.

Perceptual Process
 
 
Perception is the process by which people select, organize, interpret and respond to information from the world around them. This information is obtained through the senses namely, seeing, hearing, touch, taste and smell.
 
Perception may be defined as the process of receiving, selecting, organizing, interpreting, checking, and reacting to sensations. It is also defined as ‘a process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environments.’ The perceptional processes show that their functioning is affected by three variables – the objects perceived, the environment in which perception occurs, and the individual perceiving the objects.
 


In the above diagram, you may find that the important aspects of perception are selection and organization. Different people perceive an object differently both in terms of what they selectively perceive and how they organize and interpret the things perceived. A person’s selection process involves factors internal to the person as well as external to him. It is, in fact, a complex set of factors that determine the perception of an individual.
 
Similarly, an individual organizes the selected stimuli into meaningful patterns. The interpretation of what is perceived may vary widely. For example, a wave of hand may be interpreted as a friendly gesture or it may be interpreted as a sign of threatening depending on the circumstances and the state of mind of the two people. Therefore, quite often the people perceive things differently and behave on the basis of those perceptions. Managers in organizations should understand that people’s perceptions differ and at times they also go wrong.

 

 

Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Perception And Learning
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