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Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Motivation

Comparison of Herzberg and Maslow Models - Motivation

   Posted On :  18.05.2018 04:48 am
Comparison of Herzberg and Maslow Models - Motivation

In fact, there is a great similarity between Herzberg’s and Maslow’s models.

Comparison of Herzberg and Maslow Models
 
 
In fact, there is a great similarity between Herzberg’s and Maslow’s models. A close examination of Herzberg’s model indicates that some employees may have achieved a level of social and economic progress in the society and for them higher level needs of Maslow (esteem and self-actualization) are the primary motivators. However, they still must satisfy the lower level needs for the maintenance of their current state. Thus, we can say that money might still be a motivator for operative employees and for some managerial employees. Herzberg’s model adds to the Maslow’s need hierarchy model because it draws a distinction between the two groups of factors, namely, motivational and maintenance, and points out that the motivational factors are often derived from the job itself. Most of the maintenance factors come under comparatively lower order needs. In economically advanced countries, such needs of the employees are fulfilled and hence cease to be motivators.
 


As shown in the following diagram Maslow’s Physiological, security and social needs come under Herzberg’s maintenance factors whereas self-fulfillment comes under motivating factors. It may further be noted that a part of esteem need comes under maintenance factor and another under motivational factors. The esteem needs are divided because there are some distinct differences between status per se and recognition. Status tends to be a function of position one occupies. This position may be gained through family ties or social pressures and so this may not be a reflection of personal achievement or recognition. Recognition is gained through competence and achievement. It is earned and granted by others. That is why status is classified with physiological, safety and social needs as a hygiene factor, while recognition is classified with esteem as a motivator.
Tags : Management Concepts & Organisational Behaviour - Motivation
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